Violence at the Children’s March

Mamie Chalmers

Mamie Chalmers, civil rights activist, shares her experience of protesting in Birmingham, Ala., as a young woman and being sprayed by police with a fire hose: “He called out the Birmingham Fire Department and told them, ‘Turn the water hose on them […] and they won’t have to take a bath’ […] and that’s what they did. And today I’m deaf in one ear because of that.”

See more of the story of the Birmingham Children’s Crusade in this edition of Moments in Civil Rights History:

Black Children Arrested and Assaulted in Birmingham

See the firsthand account of photographer Bob Adelman, who captured images of this and other events of the civil rights movement:

Images of Civil Rights